Extended detection and response (XDR) enable a multi-layered approach to responding to cyber security issues by providing unified visibility across all security points.
What is Extended Detection and Response (XDR)?
Extended Detection and Response (XDR) is a consolidation of tools and data that provides extended visibility, analysis, and response across networks and clouds in addition to apps and endpoints. XDR is a more sophisticated and advanced progression of endpoint detection and response (EDR) security.
Where EDR contains and removes threats on endpoints and workloads, XDR extends those capabilities beyond the endpoint to multiple security control points (including email, networks, server, and cloud) to detect threats faster using data collected across domains.
How does XDR work?
The primary value propositions of XDR products or capabilities include improving security operations productivity by enhancing detection and response capabilities by unifying visibility and control across endpoints, networks, and the cloud. XDR ingests and distills multiple streams of telemetry. XDR can also analyze TTP and other threat vectors to make complex security operations capabilities more accessible to security teams that do not have the resources for more custom-made point solutions. XDR removes the daunting detection and investigation cycles and offers threat-centric and business context to move more quickly to a response to the threat.
Extended Detection and Response (XDR) security provides advanced threat detection and response capabilities including:
- Detection and response to targeted attacks
- Native support for behavior analysis of users and technology assets
- Threat intelligence including shared local threat intelligence coupled with externally acquired threat intelligence sources
- Reducing the need to chase false positives by correlating and confirming alerts automatically
- Integrating relevant data for faster, more accurate incident triage
- Centralized configuration and hardening capability with weighted guidance to help prioritize activities
- Comprehensive analytics across all threat vectors
- Automation and orchestration to streamline many SOC processes
What are the benefits of Extended Detection and Response?
Unified telemetry, better detection, and response
XDR should unify the telemetry across remote users, network data, endpoints, cloud…and whatever comes next. With a good XDR approach, analysts have curated detections, comprehensive investigations, detailed and highly correlated threat events, and automated-response recommendations. Analysts can work simpler, smarter, and faster, and they’ll always know what to do next.
A focus on efficiency
The right Extended Detection and Response approach is the end of tab-hopping. It provides a single, comprehensive hub that can be expanded without technical limitations. Expect SaaS delivery to facilitate collaboration across the office or around the world. XDR should also relieve security teams of steep analytical requirements, parsing and analyzing alerts for you.
There is a dramatically different signal-to-noise ratio with mature XDR. The right methodology, threat intelligence, and diligence behind the detection library mean you can trust detections out-of-the-box. And all your disparate data should be correlated by the user, asset, and activity.
Forrester says XDR should include prescriptive-response cyber security playbooks that can be executed with one click. You should expect prebuilt workflows for things like endpoint threat containment, user-account suspension, and integration with ticketing systems.
What are some XDR mistakes to avoid?
Extended Detection and Response is a powerful security strategy, but to realize its full benefits, it’s important to choose a solution that makes the most of its capabilities. When choosing a platform, look out for the following problems:
- Lack of integration: XDR is only effective when it is fully integrated within the IT environment. Complex integrations that require work to maintain could take time away from your IT teams and make your XDR solution less effective.
- Insufficient automation: Automation is one of the most powerful capabilities of XDR, so an effective platform needs to be able to adapt to current conditions and carry out a targeted response that goes beyond simply blocking traffic to the affected device.
- Operational complexity: A useful XDR solution needs to be cohesive and accessible to security and IT teams; otherwise, the time your team gains by implementing it will be offset by the time and effort put into learning it and setting it up.
What are the Use Cases of Extended Detection and Response?
- Threat hunting: Although it’s likely that threats already exist in any given network, many security teams struggle to find the time to do proactive threat hunting. XDR’s telemetry and automation capabilities allow much of this work to be done automatically, significantly lightening the load on security teams and allowing them to carry out threat hunting alongside their other tasks, intervening only when necessary.
- Triage: One of a security team’s most important functions is to prioritize or triage alerts and quickly respond to the most crucial ones. XDR helps sift through the noise by using powerful analytics to correlate thousands of alerts into a small number of high-priority ones.
- Investigation: XDR’s extensive data collection, superior visibility, and automated analysis allow security teams to quickly and easily establish where a threat originated, how it spread, and what other users or devices might be affected. This is crucial to both removing the threat and hardening the network against future threats.
Why enterprises need Extended Detection and Response Security
SOCs need a platform that intelligently brings together all relevant security data and reveals advanced adversaries. As adversaries use more complex tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTP) to successfully circumvent and exploit traditional security controls, organizations are scrambling to secure increasing numbers of vulnerable digital assets both inside and outside the traditional network perimeter. Security teams have been historically stretched for years, and with recent work-from-home requirements the strain on resources has been amplified – security professionals are being once again required to do more with the same or fewer resources and with strict budget constraints. Enterprises need unified and proactive security measures to defend the entire landscape of technology assets, spanning legacy endpoints, mobile, network, and cloud workloads without overburdening staff and in-house management resources.
With bad actors including “lone wolf” attackers, hacking groups, nation-states, and even potentially malicious insiders constantly circling, enterprise security and risk managers are left to overcome too many disconnected security tools and data sets from too many vendors. Security staff struggle with a sea of data that results in alert overload, with too many false positives and little integration of data with analysis tools or incident response, and all under historic levels of operational stress.
Enterprise security and risk management leaders should consider the security advantages and productivity value of an Extended Detection and Response solution.
Cybersecurity is often likened to an arms race between attackers and defenders, and that race is now extending beyond the single layer of the endpoint. As businesses embrace remote working and cloud infrastructure, introducing an increasing attack surface, only an integrated platform can provide the visibility and automated defenses required across all assets. By combining endpoint, network, and application telemetry, XDR can provide security analytics to win that race through enhanced detection, triage, and response.